NAME

domNode -
Manipulates an instance of a DOM node object

SYNOPSIS

$nodeObject method arg arg ...
domNode nodeToken method arg arg ...

DESCRIPTION

This command manipulates one particular instance of a DOM node object. method indicates a specific method of the node class. These methods should closely conform to the W3C recommendation "Document Object Model (Core) Level 1" (http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-DOM-Level-1/level-one-core.html) as well to parts of the W3C draft "XML Pointer Language (XPointer)" (http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/WD-xptr-19980303). Please note, that the XPointer methods are deprecated. Use DOM methods or XPath expressions instead of them.

The selectNodes method implements the "XML Path Language (XPath) Version 1.0" W3C recommendation 16 November 1999 (http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-xpath-19991116). Look at these documents for a deeper understanding of the functionality.

The valid methods are:

nodeType
Returns the node type of that node object. This can be: ELEMENT_NODE, TEXT_NODE, CDATA_SECTION_NODE, COMMENT_NODE or PROCESSING_INSTRUCTION_NODE.
nodeName
Returns the node name of that node object. This is the element (tag) name for element nodes (type ELEMENT_NODE), the processing-instruction target for processing-instructions, "#text" for text node, "#comment" for comment nodes or "#cdata" for cdata section nodes.
nodeValue ?newValue?
Returns the value of that node object. This is the text or the data for element nodes of type TEXT_NODE, COMMENT_NODE, PROCESSING_INSTRUCTION_NODE or CDATA_SECTION_NODE). Otherwise it is empty. If the node is a TEXT_NODE, COMMENT_NODE or PROCESSING_INSTRUCTION_NODE and the optional argument newValue is given, the node is set to that value.
hasChildNodes
Returns 1 if the node has children. Otherwise 0 is returned.
parentNode ?objVar?
Returns the parent node.
childNodes
Returns a list of direct children node objects.
childNodesLive
Returns a "live" nodeList object of the child nodes of the node in the sense of the DOM recommendation. This nodeList object is "live" in the sense that, for instance, changes to the children of the node object that it was created from are immediately reflected in the nodes returned by the NodeList accessors; it is not a static snapshot of the content of the node. The two accessors known by the nodeList object are "item <index>", which returns the indexth item in the collection, and "length", which returns the number of nodes in the list.
firstChild ?objVar?
Returns the first child as a node object.
lastChild ?objVar?
Returns the last child as a node object.
nextSibling ?objVar?
Returns the next sibling relative to the current node as a node object.
previousSibling ?objVar?
Returns the next sibling relative to the current node as a node object.
getElementsByTagName name
Returns a list of all elements in the subtree matching (glob style) name.
getElementsByTagNameNS uri localname
Returns a list of all elements in the subtree matching (glob style) localname and having the given namespace uri.
getElementById id
Returns the node having an id attribute with value id or the empty string if no node has an id attribute with that value.
hasAttribute attributeName
Returns 1 if the object node contains an attribute with name attributeName . Otherwise 0 is returned.
getAttribute attributeName ?defaultValue?
Returns the value of the attribute attributeName. If the attribute is not available defaultValue is returned.
setAttribute attributeName newValue ?attributeName newValue ...?
Sets the value for one or more attributes. Every attributeName is set to the corresponding newValue. If there isn't an attribute for one or more of the attributeName, this will create that attribute. It is not recommended to set attributes that look like xml namespace declarations.
removeAttribute attributeName
Removes the attribute attributeName.
hasAttributeNS uri localName
Returns 1 if the object node contains an attribute with the local name localName within the namespace uri. Otherwise 0 is returned.
getAttributeNS uri localName ?defaultValue?
Returns the value of the attribute with the local name localName within the namespace URI uri. If the node dosn't have that attribute the defaultValue is returned.
setAttributeNS uri qualifiedName newValue ?uri qualifiedName newValue ...?

Sets the value for one or more full qualified attributes. Every attribute qualifiedName with the namespace URI uri will be set to newValue. This will create a new attribute, if it wasn't avialble before. If you want to set an attribute within a namespace you must specify the attribute name with prefix, even if you want to set an already existing attribute to a new value. While searching, if the attribute already exists, only the given uri and the localname of the qualifiedName is used.

$node setAttributeNS "http://some.uri.com/wow" prefix:attr1 attrValue

If the uri is the empty string and the attribute name hasn't a prefix, this method has the same effect as the method setAttribute.

$node setAttributeNS "" attri "some Value"

With the exceptions of the special prefixes "xmlns" and "xml" you always must provide a non empty uri, if your qualifiedName has a prefix. It is not recommended to set xml namespace declarations. The effects are complicated and not always obvious up to resulting a not well-formed serializations after further processing.

removeAttributeNS uri localName
Removes the attribute with the local name localName within the namespace uri.
attributes ?attributeNamePattern?
Returns information about the attriubtes matching the attributeNamePattern. If attributeNamePattern isn't given, information about all attributes are returned. The return value is a Tcl list, the elements just the attriubute name in case of non namespaced attriubtes and three element sublists for namespaced attributes. n case of an "ordinary" namespaced attribute, the sublist elements are {<localname> <prefix> <namespace_uri>}. In the special case of an xml namespace declaration it is {<the prefix defined> <localname> ""}.
attributeNames ?attributeNamePattern?
Returns a flat list of all attributes names (as found in the XML source) matching the attributeNamePattern. If attributeNamePattern isn't given, all attribute names are returned as a Tcl list.
appendChild newChild
Appends newChild to the end of the child list of the node.
insertBefore newChild refChild
Inserts newChild before the refChild into the list of children of node. If refChild is the empty string, insert newChild at the end of the child nodes list of that node.
replaceChild newChild oldChild
Replaces oldChild with newChild in the list of children of that node. The oldChild node will be part of the document fragment list after this operation.
removeChild child
Removes child from the list of children of that node. child will be part of the document fragment list after this operation.
delete
Deletes the given node and its complete child tree and frees the complete internal memory. The affected nodes are not accessible through the document fragment list.
cloneNode ?-deep?
Clones this node and adds the new create node into the document fragment list. If the -deep option is specified, all descendant nodes are also cloned.
ownerDocument ?domObjVar?
Returns the document object of the document this node belongs to.
find attrName attrVal ?objVar?
Finds the node with the attribute name attrName, and attribute value attrVal in the subtree starting the current node.
child number|all type attrName attrValue
(XPointer) child
descendant number|all type attrName attrValue
(XPointer) descendant
ancestor number|all type attrName attrValue
(XPointer) ancestor
fsibling number|all type attrName attrValue
(XPointer) fsibling
psibling number|all type attrName attrValue
(XPointer) psibling
root objVar
(XPointer) root
text
Returns all text node children of that current node combined, i.e. appended into one string.
target
For a processing instruction node the target part is returned. Otherwise an error is generated.
data
For a processing instruction node the data part is returned. For a text node, comment node or cdata section node the value is returned. Otherwise an error is generated.
prefix
Returns the namespace prefix.
namespaceURI
Returns the namespace URI.
localName
Returns the localName from the tag name of the given node.
selectNodes ?-namespaces prefixUriList? ?-cache <boolean>? xpathQuery ?typeVar?

Returns the result of applying the XPath query xpathQuery to the subtree. This can be a string/value, a list of strings, a list of nodes or a list of attribute name / value pairs. If typeVar is given the result type name is stored into that variable (empty, bool, number, string, nodes, attrnodes or mixed).

The argument xpathQuery has to be a valid XPath expression. However there are a few exceptions to that rule. Tcl variable references (in the usual tcl syntax: $varname) may appear in the XPath statement at any position where it is legal according to the rules of the XPath syntax to put an XPath variable. Ignoring the syntax rules of XPath the Tcl variable name may be any legal Tcl var name: local variables, global variables, array entries and so on. The value will always be seen as string literal by the xpath engine. Cast the value explicitly with the according xpath functions (number(), boolean()) to another data type, if needed.

Similar to the way described above to inject literals in a secure way into the XPath expression using tcl variable references there is a syntax to inject element names from tcl variables. At every place where the XPath syntax allows a node test there could be a tcl variable reference (in any form), just the leading $ replaced with %. This allows one to select nodes with 'strange' (invalid, according to the appropriate XML production rule) node names which may be needed in case of working with JSON data.

The option -namespaces expects a tcl list with prefix / namespace pairs as argument. If this option is not given, then any namespace prefix within the xpath expression will be first resolved against the list of prefix / namespace pairs set with the selectNodesNamespaces method for the document, the node belongs to. If this fails, then the namespace definitions in scope of the context node will be used to resolve the prefix. If this option is given, any namespace prefix within the xpath expression will be first resolved against that given list (and ignoring the document global prefix / namespace list). If the list binds the same prefix to different namespaces, then the first binding will win. If this fails, then the namespace definitions in scope of the context node will be used to resolve the prefix, as usual.

If the -cache option is used with a true value, then the xpathQuery will be looked up in a document specific cache. If the query is found, then the stored pre-compiled query will be used. If the query isn't found, it will be compiled and stored in the cache, for use in further calls. Please note that the xpathQuery given as string is used as key for the cache. This means, that equal XPath expressions, which differ only in white space are treated as different cache entries. Special care is needed, if the XPath expression includes namespace prefixes or references to tcl variables. Both namespace prefixes and tcl variable references will be resolved according to the XML prefix namespace mappings and tcl variable values at expression compilation time. If the same XPath expression is used later on in a context with other XML prefix namespace mappings or values of the used tcl variables, make sure to first remove the compiled expression from the cache with the help of the deleteXPathCache method, to force a recompilation. Without using the -cache option such consideration is never needed.

Examples:

set paragraphNodes [$node selectNodes {chapter[3]//para[@type='warning' or @type='error'} ]
foreach paragraph $paragraphNodes {
    lappend  values [$paragraph selectNodes attribute::type]
}

set doc [dom parse {<doc xmlns="http://www.defaultnamespace.org"><child/></doc>}]
set root [$doc documentElement]
set childNodes [$root selectNodes -namespaces {default http://www.defaultnamespace.org} default:child]
getLine
Returns the line number of that node in the originally parsed XML.
getColumn
Returns the column number of that node in the originally parsed XML.
asList
Returns the DOM substree starting form the current node as a nested Tcl list.
asXML ?-indent none/1..8? ?-channel channelId? ?-escapeNonASCII? -xmlDeclaration <boolean>? -encString <string> ?-escapeAllQuot? ?-indentAttrs? ?-nogtescape? ?-noEmptyElementTag?

Returns the DOM substree starting from the current node as the root node of the result as an (optional indented) XML string or sends the output directly to the given channelId.

If the option -escapeNonASCII is given, every non 7 bit ASCII character in attribute values or element PCDATA content will be escaped as character reference in decimal representation.

The flag -xmlDeclaration determines whether there will be an XML Declaration and a newline emitted before anything else. The default is, to do not. If this flag is given with a true argument then

-encString sets the encoding value in the XML Declaration. Otherwise, this option is ignored. Please note, that this option just enhance the string representation of the generated XML Declaration with an encoding information string, nothing more. It's up to the user to handle encoding in case of writing to a channel or reparsing.

If the option -escapeAllQuot is given, quotation marks will be escaped with &quot; even in text content of elements.

If the option -indentAttrs is given, then attributes will each be separated with newlines and indented to the same level as the parent node plus the value given as argument to -indentAttrs (0..8).

If the option -nogtescape is given then the character '>' won't get escaped in attribute values and text content of elements. The default is to escape this character.

If the option -noEmptyElementTag is given then no empty tag syntax will be used. Instead, if an element has empty content it will be serialized with an element start tag and an immediately following element end tag.

asHTML ?-channel channelId? ?-escapeNonASCII? ?-htmlEntities?
Returns the DOM substree starting from the current node as the root node of the result serialized according to HTML rules (HTML elements are recognized regardless of case, without end tags for empty HTML elements etc.), as string or sends the output directly to the given channelId. If the option -escapeNonASCII is given, every non 7 bit ASCII character in attribute values or element PCDATA content will be escaped as character reference in decimal representation. If the option -htmlEntities is given, a character is written using its HTML 4.01 character entity reference, if one is defined for it.
asText
For ELEMENT_NODEs, the asText method outputs the string-value of every text node descendant of node in document order without any escaping. For every other node type, this method outputs the XPath string value of that node.
appendFromList list
Parses list , creates an according DOM subtree and appends this subtree to the current node.
appendFromScript tclScript
Appends the nodes created in the tclScript by Tcl functions, which have been built using dom createNodeCmd, to the given node.
insertBeforeFromScript tclScript refChild
Inserts the nodes created in the tclScript by Tcl functions, which have been built using dom createNodeCmd, before the refChild into the list of children of node. If refChild is the empty string, the new nodes will be appended.
appendXML XMLstring
Parses XMLstring, creates an according DOM subtree and appends this subtree to the current node.
simpleTranslate outputVar specifications
Translates the subtree starting at the object node according to the specifications in specifications and outputs the result in the variable outputVar . The translation is very similar to Cost Simple mode.
toXPath ?-legacy?
Returns an XPath, which exactly addresses the given node in its document. This XPath is only valid as there are no changes to DOM tree made later one. With the -legacy option, other XPath expressions are returned, which doesn't work in all cases.
getBaseURI
Returns the baseURI of the node. This method is deprecated in favor of the baseURI method.
baseURI ?URI?
Returns the present baseURI of the node. If the optional argument URI is given, it sets the base URI of the node and of all of its child nodes out of the same entity as node to the given URI.
disableOutputEscaping ?boolean?
This method works only for text nodes; for every other node it returns error. Without the optional argument it returns, if disabling output escaping is on. The return value 0 means, the characters of the text node will be escaped, to generate valid XML, if serialized. This is the default for every parsed or created text node (with the exception of that text nodes in a result tree of an XSLT transformation, for which disabling output escaping was requested explicitly in the stylesheet). The return value 1 means, that output escaping is disabled for this text node. If such a text node is serialized (with asXML or asHTML), it is literally written, without escaping of the special XML characters. If the optional boolean value boolean is given, the flag is set accordingly. You should not set this flag to 1 until you really know what you do.
precedes refnode
Compares the relative order of the node and refnode. Both nodes must be part of the same documents and not out of the fragment list of the document. Returns true if node is in document order (in the sense of the XPath 1.0 recommendation) before refnode, and false otherwise.
normalize ?-forXPath?
Puts all Text nodes in the full depth of the sub-tree underneath this Node into a "normal" form where only structure (e.g., elements, comments, processing instructions and CDATA sections) separates Text nodes, i.e., there are neither adjacent Text nodes nor empty Text nodes. If the option -forXPath is given, all CDATA sections in the nodes are converted to text nodes, as a first step before the normalization.
xslt ?-parameters parameterList? ?-ignoreUndeclaredParameters? ?-maxApplyDepth int? ?-xsltmessagecmd script? stylesheet ?outputVar?
Applies an XSLT transformation on the document using the XSLT stylesheet (given as domDoc). Returns a document object containing the result document of that transformation and stores it in the optional outputVar.

The optional -parameters option sets top level <xsl:param> to string values. The parameterList has to be a tcl list consisting of parameter name and value pairs.

If the option -ignoreUndeclaredParameters is given, then parameter names in the parameterList given to the -parameters options that are not declared as top-level parameters in the stylesheet are silently ignored. Without this option, an error is raised if the user tries to set a top-level parameter which is not declared in the stylesheet.

The option -maxApplyDepth expects a positive integer as argument. By default, the xslt engine allows xslt templates to nest up to 3000 levels (and raises error if they nest deeper). This limit can be set by the -maxApplyDepth option.

The -xsltmessagecmd option sets a callback for xslt:message elements in the stylesheet. The actual command consists of the script, given as argument to the option, appended with the XML Fragment from instantiating the xsl:message element content as string (as if the XPath string() function would have been applied to the XML Fragment) and a flag, which indicates whether the xsl:message has an attribute "terminate" with the value "yes". If the called script returns anything else then TCL_OK then the xslt transformation will be aborted, returning error. If the called script returns -code break the error message is empty, otherwise the result code is reported. In case of terminated transformation the outputVar, if given, is set to the empty string.

@attrName
Returns the value of the attribute attrName. Short cut for getAttribute.
jsonType ?OBJECT|ARRAY|NONE)|(STRING|NUMBER|TRUE|FALSE|NULL|NONE)?
Only element and text nodes may have a JSON type and only this types of nodes support the jsonType method; the other node types return error if called with this method. Returns the jsonType of the node. If the optional argument is given, the JSON type of the node is set to the given type and returned. Valid type arguments for element nodes are OBJECT, ARRAY and NONE. Valid type arguments for text nodes are STRING, NUMBER, TRUE, FALSE, NULL and NONE.

Otherwise, if an unknown method name is given, the command with the same name as the given method within the namespace ::dom::domNode is tried to be executed. This allows quick method additions on Tcl level.

SEE ALSO

dom, domDoc

KEYWORDS

XML, DOM, document, node, parsing